Dating stanley wood planes


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Beehive project and plan 3 replies. Difficulty ripping 2" maple planks 8 replies. As is further pointed out by Leach and others, type studies are merely a reference, not absolute nor exact. Manufacturing dates overlap so it's not uncommon to find a type 12 with type 11 components or a type 5 with a few type 4 or 6 parts.

Of course if you are a perfectionist you'll want the exact month and day. Good luck on that and it's best if you write your ow type study. Use this one for what it's worth. An article pertaining specifically to No 2 size Bailey plane typing can be found on the "Random Thoughts" page of this site. Type 1 Planes made by L. Rosewood knob is shaped like a hot air balloon, and has a distinct bead turned into its base. The nut has a right-hand thread.

The back of the lever cap is solid and has a banjo-shaped spring. The frog has a rounded back the top of it where it faces the tote. It is held into place by screws with round heads. The bottom casting's receiver for the frog is shaped like the letter "I".

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The Superior Works - Patrick's Blood & Gore: Planes #1 - #8

The size of the plane stock , e. This isn't listed in the book I reference, but every example of these early planes I've examined has it. All of the features of the previous, except: Earliest models of this type do not have Bailey's name, nor Boston, on the brass adjusting nut. Lever cap spring is now rectangular. A total redesign of the frog, where it became smaller and is held to the bottom casting by a vertical rib between the sides of the casting.

This was a short-lived production, and is practically identical to the "Victor" planes Bailey later produced. This new design is found on sizes 3- 8, but the frog is of a 3 size for all planes. This was probably an attempt to make interchangable parts for most of the bench planes, instead of having a frog sized for each size of plane. A lot of these planes are broken about the vertical rib, so it was a weak design that was soon dropped. The cap iron still has the logo of Type 1 stamped into it. The brass adjusting nut in now recessed, with the patent stuff stamped inside.

The back of the lever cap is recessed. Plane number no longer incised into back of lever cap or underside of frog. Stupid frog design abandoned, with the old-style re-introduced. The frog receiver is now a broad, rectangular area, with an arched rear the portion nearest the tote. It is machined flat. Many examples have a foundry number "73", "71" cast into the bed, between the frog receiver and the tote. Flat head screws now hold the frog in place. The lateral adjustment lever makes its debut. The lateral lever is a one-piece construction, with its portion that engages the slot in the iron being straight across.

Top of the frog no longer rounded as before. The top is more a flattened arch-shape.

How to Identify Stanley Hand Plane Age and Type (Type Study Tool)

The number is now cast into the main casting; i. The trademark stamped into the iron is the same as before, except that "STANLEY" is in a straight line, in large letters, and the rest of the logo immediately below, in small letters. Lateral adjustment lever now is a two-piece construction, with a circular disk replacing the straight portion at the point where it engages the slot in the iron. The brass adjusting nut now has a left-hand thread. New iron design, where the circular hole is now located toward the cutting edge, instead of the top. The screw may then be tightened, by a turn with thumb and finger; and the Cap iron will serve as a convenient handle, or rest, in whetting or sharpening the cutting edge of the Plane Iron.

There you have it, in all its gorey, why the circular hole was repositioned, after it being at the top of the blade for some years. At least that's how Stanley decribed the change. However, the patent drawing for the change shows what I believe is the real reason for the change - the circular disk, on the lower end of the lateral adjustment lever, loses its ability to engage the slot provided for it in the cutter when the iron is nearly used up.

By relocating the circular hole toward the bottom of the cutter, the iron can be used right up to the slot, without sacrificing the advantage gained from the lateral adjustment lever. Bead eliminated from the front knob.

Pawn Shop Hand Plane RECLAIMED! Part 1-Stanley-Bailey #4.

Frog receiver has two shallow grooves, parallel to the plane's sides, cast into it. The screw holes are located in the grooves. AP'L 19, 92" in two lines stamped on the iron. Bailey's name and patent dates eliminated from the brass adjustment nut and cap iron. The number designation, cast into the toe "No 4", etc. This is likely the mark of the Sessions Foundry, who contracted with Stanley to produce their castings. No patent date is found on the lateral lever.

The number designation is now cast just behind the knob. Frog receiver undergoes a major redesign.


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A smaller bearing surface is now cast into the bed, toward the tote. Two circular bosses, to receive the screws are located just ahead of this bearing surface, toward the mouth. A rib runs from the mouth to bearing surface, over which the frog rests. This is to align the frog laterally, to keep it square to the sides of the plane, and, thus, make the iron parallel to the mouth.

The frog has a slot at its bottom the portion nearest the mouth to fit over the rib cast in the bed.


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The Patent dates "Mar. The original type study doesn't mention this - It's about this time that the brass nuts used to secure the knob and tote to the rods undergo a change. They now have a waist to them whereas the earlier ones are cylindrical over their length. The rib the one the frog rides over is enlarged and arched. A frog adjustment screw, first offered on the Bed Rock planes, is now added. This is located below the frog, and engages a fork that is screwed to the frog.

A turn of this screw will move the frog forward or backward, depending on the direction it is turned. A bizzare logo is now stamped on the iron. It reads in four lines: APR patent date appears with the others patent dates cast behind the frog. The knob undergoes a change in height, and is now much taller than the previous style. This is referred to as a "high knob" in toolie dialect. The brass depth adjustment nut is now larger and measures 1. The lever cap has a subtle change in its shape - it is not as rounded about the edges as the earlier style is.

A series of logo changes are found on these planes. All 3 of the logos are the result of the merger between Stanley Rule and Level, the tool producer, and The Stanley Works, the hardware producer. A" below the heart, in one line that is longer than the length of the notched rectangle. These new logos are know as the "sweetheart" logo in the tool collecting biz. This isn't in the original type study - Some of the lever caps can be found with the outline of the sweetheart logo cast into the backside.

I've only noted one of these planes, a 5, with this lever cap.

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Its iron is stamped with the first sweetheart trade- mark. So far, that is. Again, not found in the original type study - it's about this time that the backs of the cap iron are no longer blued, but are just finished like the fronts, with nothing. APR is the only stuff cast behind the frog.

The original type study doesn't mention it, but there are several treatments of the lever cap, where its finish and the background color of the notched rectangle follow what seems to be a 'style du jour'. I can't date accurately when each of these lever cap treatments occured, but I can list the order in which I believe they were made:

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